Employee Tax Planning – Is Your Withholding Enough?

Saratoga Tax Lawyers – Our “pay-as-you-go” tax system requires that you make payments of your tax liability evenly throughout the year. If you don’t, it’s possible you could owe an underpayment penalty.

Some taxpayers meet the “pay-as-you-go” requirements by making quarterly estimated payments. However, when your income is primarily from wages, you meet the requirements through wage withholding and you rely on your employer’s payroll department to take out the right amount of tax. Unfortunately, what payroll withholds may not be enough!

For instance, your employer may be using information about your income that is no longer current. Employers compute withholding for their employees using IRS Form W-4, Withholding Allowance Certificate. To make sure W-4 data is accurate, you need to fill it out based on the latest data available about your income and deductions.

Mid-year is a good time to review the withholding situation and forecast your tax liability because there’s still time to make adjustments if you’re under-withheld. It’s especially vital to plan ahead if you’ve had any of the following:

  • A gain from the sale of property, e.g., stocks, bonds, or real property;
  • Income from a second job;
  • Other income from which there is no withholding (for example, a pension, alimony, IRA, interest or dividends);
  • A change in marital status.

Other situations that may impact higher-income taxpayers starting in 2013 are the additional Medicare (hospital insurance) taxes on compensation and a surtax on net investment income.